Periodontal Treatment

What is Periodontitis?

Periodontitis is inflammation around the tooth which can lead to mobility of the tooth and eventually tooth loss

What problems will you get when having periodontitis?

Periodontitis shows the following signs:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Bad breath
  • Mobility of teeth
  • Change in the position of the teeth from their original position
  • Gum recession
  • Food lodgment
  • Pain in the gums in some cases
What is gingivitis?

Inflammation of the gums is known as Gingivitis. There is bleeding from the gums which you may notice while brushing or flossing your teeth. Professional cleaning of the teeth followed by proper brushing and flossing, and a follow up by the dentist to ensure that you are not getting inflammation in the gums again can help you control Gingivitis.

What are the causes of gum disease?

Improper oral hygiene allows the bacteria in plaque and calculus to remain on the teeth. This causes gum disease. Other factors mentioned below can also contribute to gum disease:

  • Smoking or chewing tobacco
  • Misaligned teeth and improper bite
  • Hormonal changes in puberty, pregnancy, and menopause
  • Cancer and its treatment
  • Alcohol
  • Stress- It impairs the body’s immune response to bacterial invasion.
  • Mouth breathing
  • Poor nutrition, involving high sugar intake and a diet deficient in fibers and nutrition. It is also important to keep your mouth well hydrated
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Certain medications such as medicines used to control seizures
  • Poor saliva production which can be due to certain medicines or due to certain systemic diseases
How does Gingivitis progress to Periodontitis?

If you do not take control of the Gingivitis in its early stages by visiting your dentist then it progresses to Periodontitis. There are various stages of Chronic Periodontitis:

Mild Periodontitis

Spaces develop between the teeth and the gums known as pockets. These cannot be cleaned with brushing and you may require an additional procedure known as root planning in addition to scaling.

During root planning certain instruments known as ‘curettes’ are introduced between the tooth and the gum to clean that area. It helps in removal of plaque and calculus and smoothens the altered root of the tooth.

The smoothening of the altered root of the tooth in return leads to attachment of the gums to the teeth and the pocket is hence eradicated.

It is now possible to clean your teeth normally without the fear of the pocket deepening further and further bone loss around the teeth. However, it is important you see your Periodontist on your recall visits so that if there is starting of a pocket again anywhere in the mouth, it can be treated immediately and rectified.

Moderate periodontitis

During this stage, the pockets are deeper than those present in mild periodontitis.

To treat bigger pockets, surgical intervention might be required.

In addition, in case there is recession it can be treated with gum grafts from the adjacent mucosa or with mucosa from the palate.

A bite correction could also be required at this stage in order to avoid faster progress of periodontitis.

Advanced periodontitis

During advanced periodontitis, there is severe bone loss and surgery involving bone addition or bone resection would have to be carried out.

At times the bone loss may be very severe around one root of a multi-rooted tooth. In such a case, the root which has a lot of bone loss that cannot be saved might have to be sacrificed and the healthy portion of the root might have to be saved. This process is known as hemisection/root resection.

What are the various types of bone graft materials available that can be put in my gums during my surgery?

Bone grafts involving either natural bone, harvested from another part of the body (autograft) or artificial bone (allograft or Xenograft) could be used. This would additionally require membranes made from the patient’s blood (we normally do it through PRF in our clinic) or acquired artificially from other sources. This procedure is known as Guided bone regeneration (GBR)

I have got to know that my front teeth require a surgery due to high frenum attachment. What does this mean?

At times the muscle that attaches the gums to the gingiva could be causing a pull on the teeth leading to accumulation of plaque and food debris in the incisor area. This has to be surgically resected in order to avoid accumulation of plaque and lead to better cleaning in that area.  This procedure is known as Frenectomy.

My gums look puffy. Can they be made to look natural and healthy?

Gum surgeries do involve cosmetic surgical procedures as well. These involve:

Gingivectomy : At times, the gums may be enlarged without having actual bone loss. In such a case the gums have to be cut off and shaped in order to return to gums to a healthy state.

Gingivoplasty: The gums can be shaped to give a cosmetic look to the gums in case a patient is going through a smile design procedure.

My gums look black. Can they be made to look pink again?

In case of gums that are dark or pigmented, they can be corrected surgically to look pink. This procedure requires gentle removal of a layer of the gums from the top. This is known as depigmentation.

How long will the effects of depigmentation last?

The pigmentation in the gums occurs due to the melanin pigmentation, the cells for which are present in the gums (other than the skin). Once the depigmentation procedure is done it lasts a couple of years but varies from person to person.

How can I save my teeth from getting infected by periodontitis?
  • Regular brushing and flossing twice a day
  • Avoid using mouthwashes without a prescription
  • Please report to your dentist in case of sensitivity instead of taking over the counter desensitizing toothpastes
  • Regular checkups and scaling every 6 months, especially after the age of 40.

Proper home care in case you have been advised so by your Periodontist following periodontal treatment

A number of my teeth are loose. Is there a way to hold them together?

A number of teeth could be loose due to periodontal disease. After treating these teeth for periodontitis, they can be joined together with the help of a splint to hold them together.

Generally, a fibre ribbon splint is used to bind the teeth together by making a slight serration on the teeth that need to be bonded together. This helps in the distribution of masticatory load equally on the teeth that are bonded together.

Aggressive periodontitis

Aggressive periodontitis is a form of periodontitis that affects individuals at a young age and has a genetic predilection.

This disorder generally affects females and the bone loss progresses very rapidly.

The teeth to be affected first are the molars and incisors.

If left untreated this can lead to tooth loss and hence bone loss at a young age. It can be controlled with proper treatment and medicines.

Watch Video to know more about Periodontal Disease

Case of Aggressive Periodontitis treated successfully

Case of Aggressive Periodontitis

The gums are inflamed and the lower teeth are mobile. Scaling and root planing done as initial treatment. Extraction of the right lower first molar tooth and one Root canal was done in the right lower side and then Root Canal was also done of right upper side. Flap surgery was done for the right upper and lower section of the mouth.

OPG – Xray of the mouth

Root canal was done on the left lower side of the mouth.

Flap Surgery was done for the left lower section of the mouth.

Teeth preparation was done in all the 3 root canal treated teeth. The crowns were fitted in place.

All 3 Crown have been fitted and the gums are healthy 3 weeks after the first visit.

Inflammation of the upper and lower gums settled nicely. 

What our patients have said....

Best dentist in my opinion.

Really great. I had a WONDERFUL experience. Good tips to keep the teeth’s shining and cavity free.

Atika Surana
Yojana Vihar,Delhi

Great experience

I got the periodontal surgery done by Dr Sajili. Initially I was a bit apprehensive about the procedure, but the Dr made the entire process very easy and smooth. She was very patient in explaining everything and very supportive in the post surgery follow-ups.

Alok Jain
I.P Extension, New Delhi

Most Ethical Dental Surgeon

“Visited Dr. Sajili Mittal’s clinic a few years ago after having a number of “not good” experiences. Was a bit scared too initilally. But the way my problem was handled at her clinic made me so at ease, comfortable and relaxed.

At Dr. Sajili Mittal’s clinic, everything is explained in detail & giving all the possible options to be decided by the patient himself. Since my first visit, I never felt uncomfortable and always feel free to discuss even the smallest possible issues. Besides being a good dentist, Dr. Sajili Mittal, is a very good human being too. She makes her patients comfortable, understands their issues and accordingly suggests possible and affordable options ( NOT creating fear factor).

Besides, being highly experienced and knowledgeable, Dr. Sajili Mittal is a person of ETHICS and MORALITY which is rare to find these days in our society. My Best Wishes to Dr. Sajili Mittal.”

Mr Vijaya Shankar
New Delhi, India

Professional dentist


My experience with Dr. Sajili has been amazing. She has genuine care for her patients and never fails to engage and explain everything in detail. She is professionally approachable and friendly.

I highly recommend Dr Sajili.

Anand Vihar, New Delhi

Greetings from Germany

Thank you for the friendly treatment and the good interaction. The method of working of the team of doctors and assistants was s comforting experience. The clinic was aesthetic and pleasant. Hearty Greetings from Germany!

Manfred Lungershausen

Best Root Canal Treatment by Dr. Sajili


“Every experience I’ve had in the dentist’s chair has been miserable, until now. Citylife Dental has the most compassionate team of dentists I’ve ever seen. They understand (and therefore can eliminate) fear and pain. The work they’ve done on my teeth which includes root canal, scaling and whitening has been top quality. Add to that their ability to calm the nervous wreck in the chair and you have a combination of skills that can’t be beat. I’m no longer afraid, and that’s pretty much a miracle. I can’t recommend these guys enough.”

Hemant Dua
Beijing, China

Brilliant Citylife Dental


My experience at Citylife Dental was very good.
Dr. Sajili is a very professional dentist and made sure I understood everything. Her patient handling and education skills are excellent. She is a confident doctor and knows the art of dentistry well. The staff at Citylife Dental was humble and courteous.
After I was done I expected a very large bill but the prices were nominal.
Even though I don’t like going to a dentist , but Citylife Dental made it a good experience.
Next visit due after 6 months!

Saraansh Bansal
New Delhi, India

Amazing Dentist in Yojana Vihar

Sajili is a wonderful Dr. with amazing skills.

Ms Tanvi Sadh
New Delhi, India

Great dentist Dr Sajili Mittal

An extremely ethical and qualified doctor.

Pallavi Sadh
New Delhi

Good Dentist

Dr Mittal is very good in her dental professionally & personally she is good human being & good doctor

Seema Sadh
New Delhi, India

Excellent Dental Treatment

Very happy with the quality of treatment I received.

Ms. Sandhya Madduri
Dilshad Garden, New Delhi

Best Dentist for NRI’s in New Delhi


Well to start with I met Dr.Sajili and her team 10 years ago when i was planning to move abroad. It started with basic gum issues and root canal.

Now i am an NRI but whenever i visit India make sure my dental issues are handled properly. Thanks goes to Dr. Sajili for her warm, affectionate, caring and patient nature. A professional touch on the top is what everyone gets for sure. She is intelligent, confident, has a sound experience in her specialisation and makes sure the patient in contented at the end of the treatment. Well as far as her clinic is concerned she does not compromise on quality and hygiene.AT work front she even follows her patients after the treatment is complete for their concern if any. I was also given 2 implants by Dr. Sajili which are very much intact as i follow her advice regularly. Will recommend Citylife Dental, Yojana Vihar for overall satisfaction under the leadership of Dr. Sajili.

Good luck and Best wishes always

Harit Dutt
Florence, italy

Very satisfied with Dental treatment

My wife Dr Roma Raj and I just walked into Citylife Dental for a complete dental check-up, soon after from the US. We found the clinic’s hygiene and comfort levels at par with any good clinic in the US. The doctor’s mannerisms were so good that we signed up with Citylife for our complete dental treatment plans and since then we have felt very satisfied with the treatment, rates, punctuality and professional approach of their team to our dental problems.
There are no short cuts in this clinic.
May God keep the healing touch of this centre alive for years to come.

Brigadier Dr. Mulk Raj
Chicago, USA

One Stop Dental treatment for whole family

I didn’t take any treatment, but accompanied my niece and my father-in-law to Citylife Dental, and I believe that they really liked the treatment and benefited out of it. I would really like to comment about the quality of their resident specialist dentists, I feel that they are empathetic & ethical dentists, which I feel every doctor should be. They give sincere advice on ideal treatment options regardless of commercial considerations.

Mrs. Shilpy Kurpad
New Delhi, India

Best Dentist

The best dentist near Anand Vihar, New Delhi. Thanks

Tripurari Nath Tewari
Anand Vihar, New Delhi

Special Centre for Tooth Implants

Ved parkash bansal

City Life Dental as the name indicates the dental care has direct or indirect relationship to city life. City Life Dental is one of the top clinics in East Delhi with state of the art equipment. The doctor in charge of the clinic is a specialist in periodontics where all type of diseases around the teeth and gums are taken care of. This is a special centre for tooth implants. At this centre the sterilisation of instruments is routine and even all the ethics in dental care and treatment are followed.

Dr. Ved Parkash Bansal
New Delhi, India

Very Caring Dentist


I came across city life dental for dental problems off and on for last 6 years. Though i live in west Delhi and clinic is located in east Delhi via Karkardooma metro station on blue line. From there taking shared e rickshaw up to red light crossing of Ashoka Niketan to reach A 85 Yojana Vihar made my life easy from transportation point of view. I visited this clinic first time in 2013 but the atmosphere, behavior, care, personal and detailed attention looking into minute details of health and history of patient is routine in this clinic. They treated me as if they are treating themselves. Such personal touch care quality sincerity, responsibility with lower cost as well made me my permanent destination to visit city life dental until now in 2019. Dr Sajili Mittal MDS renders multi-focal care with personal touch. She takes total responsibility of dental care if proper timely visits are made. I wish the clinic all the best.

Dr Kajla Bansal
New Delhi

Very pleased with my dental treatment


Ms Ritu Aggarwal

Very professional treatment

The team here is both extremely professional and extremely kind and generous. Ashok and Sajili took wonderful care of me both with my gum surgery and my short stay in Delhi. They have gentle warm spirits. Thanks for everything from breakfast with chai to the gum graft itself!

Amy Christeson
Portland, Oregon USA

Knowledgeable Dentist and Staff

My family and I have been coming to the clinic for the last one year.  What makes me come here is the cleanliness of the clinic, staff’s behavior, operational knowledge and the hygiene level of the staff.  My whole family is very satisfied here. The most important is the amount of time the doctors spend with the patient listening & explaining the treatment. Their patience level is fantastic.  Keep up the good work!

Sandeep Singh
Ram Enclave, Ghaziabad
Citylife Dental